Social Imaginaries of Gender Relation in Indonesian Literature: Dynamic of Religious, Social and Individual Agency
This article attempts to look at the relation between the social imaginaries as attached in social structures and the change of political and social regimes related to gender relation portrayed in Indonesian literature. This article in on the one hand based on Taylor argument about social imaginary that it is as an “ensemble of imaginings that enable our practices by making sense of them (Taylor, 2004: 165). For him, social imaginary is a result of human imaginations and relates to the ways on how people construct images of the world where they live. From this point, the social imagination creates social structure of imagination in the society about what people wish their society to be. However, this article attempts to see that apart from the creation of the social that dream about the society, the individuals dream are also contributed in creating the social structure of imagination about what the society and the individuals should be. The argument of Bourdieu about “Habitus” defined as a marriage between the social and the the individual looks at this structure as an arena of contestation rather than a taken for granted phenomena that people maintain from time to time. Indonesian literature and authors have been struggling also to create what gender relation should be positioned. There are some stagnant aspect portrayed such as creating women as mother, creating men as head of the family or creating the transgender as the “abnormal”. However, the change of political, social and cultural regime give influence on how Indonesian literature attempt to deconstruct those understanding. Religious regime changes give a very big influence on how people look at gender relation in the society. The example is the Reformasi era in 1998 that make the arena of contestation disponible. With the change of the religious and political regimes, social imagination about gender relation are moving and contesting the existing social imagination.
credit foto from National Geographic